Delhi air pollution level
Image by alvpics from Pixabay

Delhi air pollution level. Just like past years, this year also Delhi and its surrounding regions found themselves in the clutches of pollution. The Air Quality Index in Delhi- NCR hit the mark of 400(severe) which has earned it name of ‘gas chamber’.

Air quality or ambient/outdoor air pollution is represented by the annual mean concentration of particulate matter PM10 (particles smaller than 10 microns) and PM2.5 (particles smaller than 2.5 microns, about 25 to 100 times thinner than a human hair). Their sizes are so small that normal masks fail to contain them. Due to this reason they can reach to lungs and settle there causing chronic respiratory diseases and asthama.

Delhi air pollution level

What caused this situation?

  • Lack of active monitoring and response by authorities.
  • Overpopulation.
  • Lack of political priority.
  • Emissions from Motor vehicle, dust from construction sites, burning garbage and illegal industrial activities.
  • Census-India, 2011 reveals still about 10% households in Delhi uses wood, crop residue, cow dung, and coal for cooking. None of them is considered as clean fuel.
  • Fire in Bhalswa landfill is also a reason for airborne particles in Delhi.
  • Heavy metal rich fire-crackers.
  • Agricultural stubble burning in adjacent areas.

Effect of poor air quality:

  • About 2 million children in Delhi have irreversible lung damage due to the poor quality of of the air. Air pollution can lower children’s immune system and increase the risks of cancer, epilepsy, diabetes and even adult-onset ailments like multiple sclerosis.
  • Poor air quality also leads to reduced lung capacity, headaches, sore throats, coughs, fatigue, lung cancer, and early demise.
  • The biggest sufferers are stray animals who don’t even have contribution in polluting the environment.

Control measures:

1. Short term:

  • Shut schools till normalcy is attained.
  • Stop any kind of construction and demolition work.
  • Vacuum cleansing of roads.
  • Water sprinkling on all roads.
  • People should remain at home as much as they can and if possible must try working from home.
  • Avoid doing exercises or any intense physical activity.

2. Long term:

  • Ban on heavy metal crackers. Government should promote usage of eco-friendly crackers instead.
  • Carrying awareness campaign to make people aware of the dos and don’ts.
  • Ban on agricultural stubble burning. Government of respective states should provide assistance to farmers in disposing agricultural stubble in environmentally safe way.

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vishal.hembram1990
vishal.hembram1990@gmail.com

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